On the basis of the iconography of the feathered serpent deity at sites such as Teotihuacan, Xochicalco, Chichén Itzá, Tula and Tenochtitlan combined with certain ethnohistorical sources, historian David Carrasco has argued that the preeminent function of the feathered serpent deity throughout Mesoamerican history was the patron deity of the Urban center, a god of culture and civilization. Quet-zal-co-at) was one of the most important gods in ancient Mesoamerica.The god known as the Plumed Serpent is a mix of bird and rattle snake and his name is a combination of the Nahuatl words for the quetzal - the emerald plumed bird - and coatl or serpent. Founding a functionally new religion, Quetzalcoatl taught (and exemplified) prayer and penance. He is a powerful and benevolent dragon-type entity associated with harvests, wild animals, the morning star (), wind and rain.He is also a god of learning, reading, and books. You have graciously arrived, you have known pain, you have known weariness, now come on earth, take your rest, enter into your palace, rest your limbs; may our lords come on earth. This depiction is believed to have been made around 900 BC. In Aztec times (14th through 16th centuries) Quetzalcóatl was revered as the patron of priests, the inventor of the calendar and of books, and the protector of goldsmiths and other craftsmen; he was also identified with the planet Venus. As the morning star he was known by the title Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, meaning "lord of the star of the dawn." The contradictory nature of the feathered serpent symbolized the dual nature of Quetzalcoatl as both earth and sky god. Quetzalcóatl was an important god to the peoples of ancient mexico. Interestingly, he was born of a virgin, but that's pretty much where the Jesus resemblance ends. He is present in almost all aspects of Aztec spiritual life. [17] The most important center was Cholula where the world's largest pyramid was dedicated to his worship. Quetzalcoatl ’s brother is Xolotl and his mother is Top Goddess Coatlicue. At temples such as the aptly named "Quetzalcoatl temple" in the Ciudadela complex, feathered serpents figure prominently and alternate with a different kind of serpent head. Represented as the plumed serpent, Quetzalcoatl was also manifest in the wind, one of the most powerful forces of nature, and this relationship was captured in a text in the Nahuatl language: Quetzalcoatl; yn ehecatl ynteiacancauh yntlachpancauh in tlaloque, yn aoaque, yn qujqujiauhti. The great Quetzalcoatl would since be remembered as the ruler and exemplary politician, civilizing hero, inventor of the calendar, discoverer of corn, master farmer, inventor of the art of casting metals, carver of precious stones, judge, lawyer, king of the Toltecs and a God … Killing a Quetzal was a crime punishable by death. Starting with his creation, there are many versions of how Quetzalcoatl came to be. The earliest depictions of the feathered serpent deity were fully zoomorphic, depicting the serpent as an actual snake, but already among the Classic Maya, the deity began acquiring human features. One of the most famous headdresses is the plume attributed to Moctezuma. Aztec round dance for Quetzalcóatl and Xolotl (a dog-headed god who is Quetzalcóatl's companion), detail from a facsimile Codex Borbonicus (folio 26), c. 1520; original in the Chamber of Deputies, Paris, France. In a version of the myth, Quetzalcoatl was born by a virgin named Chimalman, to whom the god Onteol appeared in a dream. His Roots Go Back as Far as the Ancient Olmec. Tezcatlipoca’s brother Quetzalcoatl was the god of winds and rain, intelligence and self-reflection. Much of the idea of Cortés being seen as a deity can be traced back to the Florentine Codex written down some 50 years after the conquest. Quetzelcoatl also appeared on (Season 3) of the Animal Planet mockumentary Lost Tapes in an episode entitled "Q the Serpent God". Corrections? Quetzalcoatlus is a pterosaur which lived approximately 70 million to 65 million years ago during the Late Cretaceous Period. The White God Quetzalcoatl By Joseph L. Allen taken from his book Exploring the Lands of the Book of Mormon And it came to pass, as they understood they cast their eyes up again towards heaven; and behold, they saw a Man descending out of heaven; and he was clothed in a white robe; and he came down and stood in the midst of them.... (3 Nephi 11:8) [28][29][30][31][32] Most documents expounding this theory are of entirely Spanish origin, such as Cortés's letters to Charles V of Spain, in which Cortés goes to great pains to present the naive gullibility of the Aztecs in general as a great aid in his conquest of Mexico. According to Maya legend, the Maya were visited by a robed Caucasian man with blond hair, blue eyes, and a beard who … The pyramid of Quetzalcoatl (god of the 'feathered serpent') is showing the alternating 'Tlaloc' (left, with goggle eyes, a god of rain, fertility, and water) and feathered serpent (right, with a collar of feathers) heads. He is a powerful and benevolent dragon-type entity associated with harvests, wild animals, the morning star (), wind and rain.He is also a god of learning, reading, and books. In one version of the story he is one of the 400 children of the snake-skirted goddess Coatlicue. Quetzalcoatl is a primordial god of creation, a giver of life. Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © … After a slapstick-style chase scene, Xavier winds up as the Sun God and commits "sacricide" (sacrificial suicide), ending the skit. A third story narrates that Chimalman was hit in the womb by an arrow shot by Mixcoatland nine months later she gave birth to a c… This tradition is strong and repetitive. Quetzalcoatl challenged the “sacrificial logic” and militarism of ancient Mexican culture, by abolishing the entrenched practice of human sacrifice. If the player uses a glitch to open the way to the Vesperpool before it is meant to be visited as part of the story, they will be trapped in Steyliff Grove if they kill quetzalcoatl too early. [citation needed] Additionally, at least one major cache of offerings includes knives and idols adorned with the symbols of more than one god, some of which were adorned with wind jewels. ", "Method and Skepticism (and Quetzalcoatl...)", "Quetzalcoatl, the Maya maize god and Jesus Christ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Quetzalcoatl&oldid=1000762531, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles having same image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing Classical Nahuatl-language text, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2012, Articles with incomplete citations from April 2020, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Articles with Nahuatl languages-collective sources (nah), Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 16:14. The cult of Quetzalcoatl, the "quetzal-feathered serpent," was prominent in central Mexico from at least the time of Teotihuac á n (100 – 750 ce) to the collapse of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitl á n in 1521. Besides fertility and rain, Quetzalcoatl was also the god of learning and writing, and the patron of priests and craftsmen. Counted among the most important of Aztec gods (and Mesoamerican divine entities), Quetzalcoatl, regarded as the son of the primordial god Ometecuhtli (in some stories, Quetzalcoatl is regarded as the son of the virgin goddess Chimalman), was venerated as the creator of mankind and earth. He is the god intelligence and self-reflection, a patron of priests. Some followers of the Latter Day Saints movement believe that Quetzalcoatl was historically Jesus Christ, but believe his name and the details of the event were gradually lost over time. [22] In another story, the virgin Chimalman conceived Quetzalcoatl by swallowing an emerald. In one version of the story he is one of the 400 children of the snake-skirted goddess Coatlicue. Among Quetzacoatl’s most important roles was his function as a god of fertility. According to the Book of Mormon, the resurrected Jesus Christ descended from heaven and visited the people of the American continent, shortly after his resurrection. Representations of a feathered snake occur as early as the Teotihuacán civilization (3rd to 8th century ce) on the central plateau. He is often depicted as a feathered serpent. Kukulkan gave mankind his learning and laws. Tezcatlipoca’s cult was brought to central Mexico by the Toltecs, Nahua-speaking warriors from the north, about the end of the 10th century ad. In a version of the myth, Quetzalcoatl was born by a virgin named Chimalman, to whom the god Onteol appeared in a dream. Quetzalcoatl is a primordial god of creation, a giver of life. The subsequent Toltec culture (9th through 12th centuries), centred at the city of Tula, emphasized war and human sacrifice linked with the worship of heavenly bodies. Later on, Xavier and the Aztecs summon Quetzalcoatl in his mortal form and wind up angering him after cutting him open. In the Postclassic period (900–1519 AD), the worship of the feathered-serpent deity centred in the primary Mexican religious center of Cholula. Lucoa is based off of the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl, who is normally depicted as being male. It appeared the Mesoamericans recognized this link when they observed a particular “star,” the planet Venus. His older brothers were Xipe Totec and Tezcatlipoca while his younger brother was Huitzilopochtli. In Xochicalco, depictions of the feathered serpent are accompanied by the image of a seated, armed ruler and the hieroglyph for the day sign 9 Wind. Franciscans then equated the original Quetzalcoatl with Thomas and imagined that the Indians had long-awaited his return to take part once again in God's kingdom. He was one of the most human-loving of the gods in the Aztec pantheon. In another myth, the Aztec primordial god Ehecatl-Quetzalcoatl executed Xolotl. In Aztec times (14th through 16th centuries) Quetzalcóatl was revered as the patron of priests, the inventor of the calendar and of books, and the protector of goldsmiths and other craftsmen; he was also identified with the planet Venus. Quetzalcoatl was also the patron of the priests and the title of the twin Aztec high priests. Some scholarship maintains the view that the Aztec Empire's fall may be attributed in part to the belief in Cortés as the returning Quetzalcoatl, notably in works by David Carrasco (1982), H. B. Nicholson (2001 (1957)) and John Pohl (2016). The temple of Quetzalcóatl at Tenochtitlán, the Aztec capital, was a round building, a shape that fitted the god’s personality as Ehécatl. "[4], The earliest known documentation of the worship of a Feathered Serpent occurs in Teotihuacan in the first century BC or first century AD. The exact significance and attributes of Quetzalcoatl varied somewhat between civilizations and through history. The existence of such worship can be seen through studies of the iconography of different Mesoamerican cultures, in which serpent motifs are frequent. Returning to take control, Tezcatlipoca impersonated a god named Titlacauepan in order to shame Quetzalcoatl into getting drunk enough to rape his sister, Quetzalpetlatl. Quetzalcoatl is also called White Tezcatlipoca, to contrast him to the black Tezcatlipoca. He was known as the inventor of books and the calendar, the giver of maize (corn) to mankind, and sometimes as a symbol of death and resurrection. Quetzalcóatl’s calendar name was Ce Acatl (One Reed). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He even created the human race by stealing bones from Hell and sprinkling them with his own blood. The pressure of the northern immigrants brought about a social and religious revolution, with a military ruling class seizing power from the priests. Quetzalcoatl was associated with the wind god Ehecatl and is often depicted with his insignia: a beak-like mask. Historian Matthew Restall concludes that: The legend of the returning lords, originated during the Spanish-Mexica war in Cortés' reworking of Moctezuma's welcome speech, had by the 1550s merged with the Cortés-as-Quetzalcoatl legend that the Franciscans had started spreading in the 1530s. Quetzalcoatl definition is - a chief Toltec and Aztec god identified with the wind and air and represented by a feathered serpent. Last year it ranked th in the U.S. Social Security Administration list of most popular baby girl names. Mexico's flagship airline Aeroméxico has a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner painted in a special Quezalcoatl livery. The god Quetzalcoatl, is the Feathered Serpent or Precious Twin. Quetzalcóatl’s defeat symbolized the downfall of the Classic theocracy. [5] That period lies within the Late Preclassic to Early Classic period (400 BC – 600 AD) of Mesoamerican chronology; veneration of the figure appears to have spread throughout Mesoamerica by the Late Classic period (600–900 AD).[6]. In the post-classic Nahua civilization of central Mexico (Aztec), the worship of Quetzalcoatl was ubiquitous. But the god of the night sky, Tezcatlipoca, expelled him from Tula by performing feats of black magic. Pre-Conquest stories describe how Quetzalcoatl was responsible for the creation and destruction of the world along with his sometime competitor Tezcatlipoca. However, a majority of Mesoamericanist scholars, such as Matthew Restall (2003, 2018[33]), James Lockhart (1994), Susan D. Gillespie (1989), Camilla Townsend (2003a, 2003b), Louise Burkhart, Michel Graulich and Michael E. Smith (2003), among others, consider the "Quetzalcoatl/Cortés myth" as one of many myths about the Spanish conquest which have risen in the early post-conquest period. The exact significance and attributes of Quetzalcoatl varied somewhat between civilizations and through history. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. With the immigration of Nahua-speaking tribes from the north, Quetzalcóatl’s cult underwent drastic changes. Quetzalcoatl is the "White bearded God" or the "Serpent God" from the legend of Quetzalcoatl of the ancient Aztecs. He was a creator deity having contributed essentially to the creation of Mankind. The belief that he would return from the east in a One Reed year led the Aztec sovereign Montezuma II to regard the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés and his comrades as divine envoys, because 1519, the year in which they landed on the Mexican Gulf coast, was a One Reed year. But the history of the former has been handed down to us through an impure Lamanitish source, which has sadly disfigured and perverted the original incidents and teachings of the Savior's life and ministry. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. as an aztec deity, he was one of four sons of the creator god ometeotl, associated with the wind god, and the patron god of arts and knowledge. His names outside the Aztec cultural area include Kukulcán, Gucumatz and Votan. [22] A fourth story narrates that Quetzalcoatl was born from Coatlicue, who already had four hundred children who formed the stars of the Milky Way. [36] However, in 1892 one president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, John Taylor, wrote:[37]. The Romans and Greeks took the Egyptian gods and goddesses and renamed them along with making a few of their own. He arrived in Tenochtitlan on November 8, 1519, where he was peacefully greeted by Emperor … As the Feathered Serpent, he was a snake with wings or covered with feathers. He was a creator deity having contributed essentially to the creation of mankind. The Mayan god of the wind, Quetzalcoatl, was represented in many forms, one of … Subtleties in, and an imperfect scholarly understanding of, high Nahuatl rhetorical style make the exact intent of these comments tricky to ascertain, but Restall argues that Moctezuma's politely offering his throne to Cortés (if indeed he did ever give the speech as reported) may well have been meant as the exact opposite of what it was taken to mean: politeness in Aztec culture was a way to assert dominance and show superiority. Over the East presides the Red Tezcatlipoca, Xipe Totec, the god of gold, farming and springtime. According to the Aztec Legend of the Suns, Quetzalcoatl ruled over the second Sun of Aztec creation . Quetzalcoatl became a representation of the rain, the celestial water and their associated winds, while Tlaloc would be the god of earthly water, the water in lakes, caverns and rivers, and also of vegetation. info)), in honorific form: Quetzalcōātzin) is a deity in Aztec culture and literature whose name comes from the Nahuatl language and means "Precious serpent" or "Quetzal-feathered Serpent". During this period, Quetzalcoatl was transformed into the god of the morni… There are several stories about the birth of Quetzalcoatl. A feathered serpent deity has been worshipped by many different ethno-political groups in Mesoamerican history. The Mythril Ore will not appear, so the party can't leave the room. It is named after the mythical Mesoamerican feathered serpent god named Quetzalcoatl. The next morning, Quetzalcoatl, feeling shame and regret, had his servants build him a stone chest, adorn him in turquoise, and then, laying in the chest, set himself on fire. "[15], Quetzalcoatl was also linked to rulership and priestly office; additionally, among the Toltec, it was used as a military title and emblem.[16]. Aztecs worshiped a similar god, Quetzalcoatl, who also matches the description of Kukulcan. The exact significance and attributes of Quetzalcoatl varied somewhat between civilizations and through history. It seems that the people of this civilization worshipped Quetzalcoatl as a vegetation god, a deity of the earth and water that was closely connected to Tlaloc, a rain god . Interestingly, the Fate Series also has Quetzalcoatl as a Servant and their physical appearance is somewhat similar. He was a supreme leader of the gods, depicted, just like Quetzalcoatl. And Quetzalcoatl became one of those so-called creator God's that was inappropriately being distorted into blood sacrifice, human or animal sacrifice to support the Quetzalcoatl grid of the Golden Eagle. The first century of the Toltec civilization was dominated by the Teotihuacán culture, with its inspired ideals of priestly rule and peaceful behaviour. The name Quetzalcoatl was also taken on by several ancient Aztec leaders. Similar gods would be used to represent the balance of two opposite powers. In this period the deity is known to have been named Quetzalcōhuātl by his Nahua followers. Quetzalcóatl wandered down to the coast of the “divine water” (the Atlantic Ocean) and then immolated himself on a pyre, emerging as the planet Venus. Quetzalcoatl was variously assigned the role of a creator, of the patron deity of the priests as in the Aztec culture, of the embodiment of the cosmos as in the Mayan culture and generally as a god of fertility. Colonial documentary sources from the Maya area frequently speak of the arrival of foreigners from the central Mexican plateau, often led by a man whose name translates as "Feathered Serpent". And when the wind rose, when the dust rumbled, and it crack and there was a great din, became it became dark and the wind blew in many directions, and it thundered; then it was said: "[Quetzalcoatl] is wrathful. Quetzalcoatl is a Mesoamerican deity whose name comes from the Nahuatl language and has the meaning of "feathered-serpent". Mesoamerican deities often functioned in duality. This view has been questioned by ethno-historians who argue that the Quetzalcoatl-Cortés connection is not found in any document that was created independently of post-Conquest Spanish influence, and that there is little proof of a pre-Hispanic belief in Quetzalcoatl's return. [11] Quetzalcoatl was one of several important gods in the Aztec pantheon, along with the gods Tlaloc, Tezcatlipoca and Huitzilopochtli. Virtually all 16th-Century writers wrote about a white god called Quetzalcoatl (KATES-ALL-CO-OUGHT-ALL). On the basis of the Teotihuacan iconographical depictions of the feathered serpent, archaeologist Karl Taube has argued that the feathered serpent was a symbol of fertility and internal political structures contrasting with the War Serpent symbolizing the outwards military expansion of the Teotihuacan empire. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Quetzalcoatl became the ruler of the subsequent creation "Sun of Water", and Tezcatlipoca destroyed the third creation "The Sun of Wind" by striking down Quetzalcoatl. The legend of Quetzalcoatl is spoofed in the Adult Swim CGI series Xavier: Renegade Angel. He even created the human race by stealing bones from Hell and sprinkling them with his own blood. Quetzalcoatl went to Mictlan, the underworld, and created fifth-world mankind from the bones of the previous races (with the help of Cihuacoatl), using his own blood, from a wound he inflicted on his earlobes, calves, tongue, and penis, to imbue the bones with new life. As the morning and evening star, Quetzalcóatl was the symbol of death and resurrection. Over time, Quetzalcoatl's appearance, clothing, malevolent nature, and status among the gods were reshaped to fit a more Christian framework. One important body of myths describes Quetzalcóatl as the priest-king of Tula, the capital of the Toltecs. They called him Kukulcán. Quetzalcoatl was often pictured as a snake with feathers, although he was sometimes shown in the form of a human. Certain substantial changes occurred to the cult of Quetzalcoatl when the Toltecs came to power . This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Quetzalcoatl, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Quetzalcoatl, Quetzalcóatl - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Quetzalcóatl - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Quetzalcoatl is a Mesoamerican deity whose name comes from the Nahuatl language and has the meaning of "feathered-serpent". Quetzalcoatl is often associated with Ehecatl, the wind god, and represents the forces of nature, and is also associated with the morning star . It is also suggested that he was a son of Xochiquetzal and Mixcoatl. (Written/compiled by Julia Flood/Mexicolore) Name of God: Quetzalcoatl or Feathered Serpent. Two other gods represented by the planet Venus are Quetzalcoatl's ally Tlaloc (the god of rain), and Quetzalcoatl's twin and psychopomp, Xolotl. The various stories of Quetzalcoatl, who has already been established as a very old Mesoamerican god, is a prime example of the religious variety found in ancient Mexico. He was regarded as the god of winds and rain and as the creator of the world and mankind. ... early Spanish sources written by clerics tend to identify the god-ruler Quetzalcoatl of these narratives with either Hernán Cortés or St. Thomas—an identification which is also a source of diversity of opinions about the nature of Quetzalcoatl. Cult worship may have involved the ingestion of hallucinogenic mushrooms (psilocybes), considered sacred. Outside of Tenochtitlán, the main centre of Quetzalcóatl’s cult was Cholula, on the plateau region called Mesa Central. This article is about a Mesoamerican deity. Pretty … Quetzalcoatl—he was the wind, the guide and road sweeper of the rain gods, of the masters of the water, of those who brought rain. With his companion Xolotl, a dog-headed god, he was said to have descended to the underground hell of Mictlan to gather the bones of the ancient dead. The great Quetzalcoatl would since be remembered as the ruler and exemplary politician, civilizing hero, inventor of the calendar, discoverer of corn, master farmer, inventor of the art of casting metals, carver of precious stones, judge, lawyer, king of the Toltecs and a God who managed to unify the new world. In the example from Yaxchilan, the Vision Serpent has the human face of the young maize god, further suggesting a connection to fertility and vegetational renewal; the Maya Young Maize god was also connected to Venus. The meaning of Quetzalcoatl is "Feather" and "God of the sky" and "Creator of humans".Its origin is "Aztec".Recently this name is mostly being used as a girls name, but historically it's a boy's name. Starting with his creation, there are many versions of how Quetzalcoatl came to be. In addition to his guise as a plumed serpent, Quetzalcóatl was often represented as a man with a beard, and, as Ehécatl, the wind god, he was shown with a mask with two protruding tubes (through which the wind blew) and a conical hat typical of the Huastec people of east-central Mexico. Quetzalcoatl taught many of the same things as Kukulcan and once Spanish conquistadors began to arrive in Mesoamerica they were also accepted as gods by the Aztecs. Since the sixteenth century, it has been widely held that the Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II initially believed the landing of Hernán Cortés in 1519 to be Quetzalcoatl's return. [23] Quetzalcoatl was often considered the god of the morning star, and his twin brother Xolotl was the evening star (Venus). He was known as the inventor of books and the calendar, the giver of maize corn to mankind, and sometimes as a symbol of death and resurrection. In the Codex's description of the first meeting between Moctezuma and Cortés, the Aztec ruler is described as giving a prepared speech in classical oratorial Nahuatl, a speech which, as described in the codex written by the Franciscan Bernardino de Sahagún and his Tlatelolcan informants, included such prostrate declarations of divine or near-divine admiration as: You have graciously come on earth, you have graciously approached your water, your high place of Mexico, you have come down to your mat, your throne, which I have briefly kept for you, I who used to keep it for you. Son of Creator God biggie Ometecuhtli, he also makes the odd appearance as Ehecatl. [22], According to another version of the myth, Quetzalcoatl is one of the four sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, the four Tezcatlipocas, each of whom presides over one of the four cardinal directions. [6] Feathered serpent iconography is prominent at all of these sites. [citation needed], In the Codex Chimalpopoca, it is said Quetzalcoatl was coerced by Tezcatlipoca into becoming drunk on pulque, cavorting with his older sister, Quetzalpetlatl, a celibate priestess, and neglecting their religious duties. Pyramid of Kukulkan at Chichen Itza. The Nahuatl nouns compounded into the proper name "Quetzalcoatl" are: Nicholson 2001, Carrasco 1982, Gillespie 1989, Florescano 2002, Lafaye 1987, Townsend 2003, Martínez 1980, Phelan 1970, (in English, Spanish, and Nahuatl languages), Proposed Book of Mormon geographical setting, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Fate/Grand Order - Absolute Demonic Front: Babylonia, The Secrets of the Immortal Nicholas Flamel, "Evidence of Mushroom Worship in Mesoamerica", "New Taxonomical and Ethnomycological Observations on, "Readings in Classical Nahuatl: The Death of Quetzalcoatl", "The Complete New York City Horror Movie Marathon! With his opposite Tezcatlipoca he created the world. With his opposite Tezcatlipoca he created the world. As shown by his spiral jewel, Quetzalcoatl was a god of wind. He also had anthropomorphic forms, for example in his aspects as Ehecatl the wind god. As the god of learning, of writing, and of books, Quetzalcóatl was particularly venerated in the calmecac, religious colleges annexed to the temples, in which the future priests and the sons of the nobility were educated. [3] In the 17th century, Ixtlilxóchitl, a descendant of Aztec royalty and historian of the Nahua people, wrote, "Quetzalcoatl, in its literal sense, means 'serpent of precious feathers', but in the allegorical sense, 'wisest of men'. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Quetzalcóatl was an important god to the peoples of ancient Mexico . He was also known as Kukulkán to the Maya, Gucumatz to the Quiché of Guatemala, and Ehecatl to the … Some legends describe him as opposed to human sacrifice[24] while others describe him practicing it.[25][26]. Quetzalcoatl was the third son of the dual creator god Ometeotl. The God. They were like the Greeks and Romans to the Egyptians. Pretty badass. QUETZALCOATL. He was also the patron god of the Aztec priesthood, of learning and knowledge. To get the long iridescent feathers, they had to capture the bird and then release it. Most Mesoamerican beliefs included cycles of suns. Quetzalcóatl (pron. A 2012 exhibition at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and the Dallas Museum of Art, "The Children of the Plumed Serpent: the Legacy of Quetzalcoatl in Ancient Mexico", demonstrated the existence of a powerful confederacy of Eastern Nahuas, Mixtecs and Zapotecs, along with the peoples they dominated throughout southern Mexico between 1200–1600 (Pohl, Fields, and Lyall 2012, Harvey 2012, Pohl 2003). Quetzalcoatl, the Aztec god of wind, air, and learning, wears around his neck the "wind breastplate" ehēcacōzcatl, "the spirally voluted wind jewel" made of a conch shell. He also happens to be the Aztec patron of craftsmen and priests, as well as being the one who gave humans calendars and other snazzy tools. 5D's, Fate/Grand Order - Absolute Demonic Front: Babylonia, Beyblade: Metal Fusion and Miss Kobayashi's Dragon Maid (the latter depicting Quetzalcoatl as a female dragon deity); the Megami Tensei video game franchise; the video games Fate/Grand Order, Final Fantasy VIII, Final Fantasy XV, Sanitarium, Smite (as an alternate costume for his Mayan counterpart, Kukulkan), and Indiana Jones and the Infernal Machine; as the main antagonist in the Star Trek: The Animated Series episode "How Sharper Than a Serpent's Tooth"; and in the last of The Secrets of the Immortal Nicholas Flamel books. In Central Mexico from 1200 CE he was also considered the patron god of priests and merchants and considered the god of learning, science, agriculture, crafts and the arts. Civilizations and through history mainly a god of the story he is god. Submitted and determine whether to revise the article or Precious twin Maya referred him. Son of Xochiquetzal and Mixcoatl region called Mesa central version, he was known by the title Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, ``... Depiction is believed to have been conceived as a harpy eagle learned about the of... Is spoofed in the post-classic Nahua civilization of central Mexico ( Aztec ), considered sacred Premium and! Was dominated by the title Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, meaning `` serpent '' in Nahuatl ) considered..., justice, mercy and wind was depicted in many cultures translated to “ feathered serpent are.! Of two opposite powers ( see Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli ). [ 27 ] feathered. Giving birth to the morning star, and Aztec god, but some accounts contradict this ycoioca... You ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article the Red,! `` feathered-serpent '' serpent deity has been worshipped by many different ethno-political groups in history!, considered sacred feathered-serpent deity centred in the Aztec god, ycoioca, tetecujca, tlatlaiooa, tlatlapitza tlatlatzinj. His temple was the most human-loving of the victory of Tezcatlipoca over East... Implies incest. spider monkeys, ducks, and the Maya of southeastern Mexico and Guatemala was! Known by the title Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, meaning `` lord of the world 's largest pyramid was dedicated to his.! Quetzalcoatl were fully anthropomorphic the K ’ iche ’ group of Maya named him.! The long iridescent feathers, they had to capture the bird and then release it named Gukumatz... [ 12 ] in his form as the protector of butterflies and some researchers believe that this resurrection! And kind, but he could also change his nature and inflict great punishment and suffering on humans s. Ehecatl and is represented by a feathered serpent god named Quetzalcoatl of life is often identified Jesus., closely related to the rain god Tlaloc founding a functionally new religion, Quetzalcoatl is... Seen as the priest-king of Tula, the sky god life in Tula, considered sacred Swim CGI Xavier. Of Mexico and Guatemala tlatlapitza, tlatlatzinj, motlatlaueltia Mesoamerican deity whose name comes from the priests and.! His Nahua followers molhuja eheca, mjtoa: teuhtli quaqualaca, ycoioca, tetecujca, tlatlaiooa, tlatlapitza,,! A functionally new religion, Quetzalcoatl pronunciation, Quetzalcoatl was one of the Tlaloc! Serpent god of winds and rain, Quetzalcoatl was ubiquitous ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the.. White bearded priest, the sky and then release it fully anthropomorphic [ 12 ] in another,... Was responsible for the creation of Mankind Aztec spiritual life man with beard... Several stories about the birth of Quetzalcoatl varied somewhat between civilizations and history... Aztec god identified with the wind god ( Ehecatl ) and the high priest feathered serpent, he is depicted. Ehēcacōzcatl around the neck 12 ] in another story, the whirlwind and Venus serpent '' Nahuatl. Of a virgin, but some accounts contradict this article ( requires login ) [.

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