First Vision Accounts videos, josephsmithpapers.org. By referring or linking you to these resources, we do not endorse or guarantee the content or the views of the authors. “Primary Accounts of Joseph Smith’s First Vision of Deity,” josephsmithpapers.org. The first of these, known today as Joseph Smith—History, was canonized in the Pearl of Great Price and thus became the best-known account. 3 In another retelling, Joseph informed Erastus Holmes that he was “about 14 years old” when he received “the first visitation of Angels.” 4 Historians expect that when an individual retells an experience in multiple settings to different audiences over many years, each account will emphasize various aspects of the experience and contain unique details. Joseph Smith is not contradicting himself but is rather providing an additional detail about the event he is describing. His depiction of the First Vision harmonizes nine historical accounts of the event (four given by Joseph Smith and five recorded by contemporaries). If the editor of the seven History of the Church volumes (Brigham H. Roberts) was not drawing information directly from the original Joseph Smith diary then he may have felt that a previous editor had made an error in description - and took it upon himself to correct it. It is patently absurd to believe that Joseph Smith would contradict himself in less than one week while telling the same exact story in front of the same exact scribe (Warren Parrish). (Deseret News, Vol. Joseph Smith recorded that God the Father and Jesus Christ appeared to him in a grove of trees near his parents’ home in western New York State when he was about 14 years old(This will be covered more later, but the first sentence highlights the problem here: In Joseph Smith's first account of the First Vision, God and Jesus did NOT both appear. American Legal and Political Institutions, Christian Churches in Joseph Smith’s Day, Daily Life of First-Generation Latter-day Saints, Joseph Smith’s 1844 Campaign for United States President, Lectures on Theology (“Lectures on Faith”), Martin Harris’s Consultations with Scholars, Printing and Publishing the Book of Mormon, Religious Beliefs in Joseph Smith’s Day, Restoration of the Melchizedek Priesthood, Temple Dedications and Dedicatory Prayers, “Joseph Smith’s First Vision Accounts,” Church History Topics, “Joseph Smith’s First Vision Accounts”. Andrew Cuomo recently issued an executive citation to commemorate the 200th anniversary of Joseph Smith’s First Vision. BYU Studies 9 (Spring 1969): 278–81, 284–85, 287–93, 296. ministered unto him. The Prophet Joseph Smith had his first vision at the age of fourteen while praying in a grove of trees in western New York (see First Vision). Joseph Smith's two 1835 accounts of the First Vision, Question: Why does Joseph Smith's 9 November 1835 account of the First Vision mention "many angels? . . FairMormon™ is controlled and operated by the Foundation for Apologetic Information and Research (FAIR), Joseph's 14 November 1835 diary entry morphs as it is copied into subsequent records, It was B.H. Notes. The capitalized "Angel" may be used to refer to Deity, but not exclusively. 31 July 1832 [handwriting of Frederick G. Williams], September–November 1832 [handwriting of Frederick G. Williams], 4 January 1833 [handwriting of Frederick G. Williams], 19 December 1833 [handwriting of Frederick G. Williams], 16 August 1834 [handwriting of Frederick G. Williams], 7 October 1835 [handwriting of Frederick G. Williams], 29 October 1835 [handwriting of Warren Parish], 9 November 1835 [handwriting of Warren Parish], 14 November 1835 [handwriting of Warren Parish], 16 November 1835 [handwriting of Frederick G. Williams], 29 March 1838 [handwriting of George W. Robinson], 2 May 1838 [handwriting of James Mullholland], 21 March 1839 [handwriting of Alexander McRae and Caleb Baldwin], 4 April 1839 [handwriting of Joseph Smith], 16, 23 August 1842 [handwriting of William Clayton], [These texts can be found in Dean C. Jessee, ed., The Personal Writings of Joseph Smith, revised edition]. Criticisms related to Joseph Smith's 9 November 1835 account of the First Vision. New York Gov. The two unpublished accounts, recorded in Joseph Smith’s earliest autobiography and a later journal, were generally forgotten until historians working for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter … Steven C. Harper 27 April 2016. Joseph Smith prepared four accounts of his First Vision, recorded in 1832, 1835, 1838 (now in the Pearl of Great Price), and 1842. I was about fourteen years old when I received this first communication. In this version Joseph presents himself between the ages of 12 and 15 as being a committed and perceptive reader of the Bible. Williams, Joseph Smith 1835 Warren B. Cowdery 1839 Official, Pearl of Great Price I … And I saw many angels in this vision. Some have mistakenly argued that any variation in the retelling of the story is evidence of fabrication. . There are at least 4 different first vision accountsby Joseph Smith, which the Church admits in its November 2013 First Vision Accounts essay: 1. Joseph Smith published two accounts of the First Vision during his lifetime. The capitalized word "Angels" in Joseph Smith's diary entry for 14 November 1835 has given rise to two distinct criticisms by detractors of the faith, and one misguided conclusion by some Latter-day Saints. A comparison of nine different accounts of the First Vision Birth of the Prophet Joseph Smith 1832 Fred. Two of Joseph Smith's November 1835 diary entries make reference to the First Vision: a pillar of fire appeared above my head, it presently rested down upon me head, and filled me with Joy unspeakable, a personage appeard in the midst of this pillar of flame which was spread all around, and yet nothing consumed, another personage soon appeard like unto the first, he said unto me thy sins are forgiven thee, he testifyed unto me that Jesus Christ is the Son of God; I was about 14 years old when I received this first communication; When I was about 17 years old I saw another vision of angels in the night season after I had retired to bed.[1]. The two unpublished accounts, recorded in Joseph Smith’s earliest autobiography and a later journal, were generally forgotten until historians working for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints rediscovered and published them in the 1960s. In addition to the firsthand accounts, there are also five descriptions of Joseph Smith’s vision recorded by his contemporaries. A look at Joseph Smith's multiple First Vision accounts along with the problems and apologetic responses regarding the Mormon church's claims about this miraculous event. The First Vision (also called the grove experience) refers to a theophany that Joseph Smith said he received in the early 1820s, in a wooded area in Manchester, New York, called the Sacred Grove by Latter-day Saints. A careful examination of the diary entries for the 9th and 14th of November indicates that the "Angels" of the 14th are the very same "angels" mentioned on the 9th. . Circa 1838 History. The exact wording of this version of the First Vision from Smith’s diary was later faithfully published, word for word, in the Church newspaper. Question: Does the 14 November 1835 account reference to the "first vision of Angels" mean that Joseph Smith did not see Deity? When members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints refer to Joseph Smith’s First Vision, they are referring to the miraculous encounter Joseph Smith had with God the Father and God the Son. James B. Allen and John W. Welch, “The Appearance of the Father and the Son to Joseph Smith in 1820,” in Opening the Heavens, 35–75. Therefore, the capitalized “Angels” of the 14 November 1835 statement - which was also penned by Warren Parish - cannot be exclusively applied to Deity. We invite you to give back. Jessee, Dean C. “The Early Accounts of Joseph Smith’s First Vision.” BYU Studies 9 (Spring 1969): 275–294. Published under this title as a pamphlet in 1966 by Deseret Book Co. 2. The following publications provide further information about this topic. The First Vision: A Narrative from Joseph Smith’s Accounts. In spring 1820, 14-year-old Joseph Smith prayed in faith and was answered by God and Jesus Christ in person. Criticisms related to Joseph Smith's 9 November 1835 account of the First Vision. The Lord spoke face-to-face with Joseph … All four of the Prophet’s written recitals of the First Vision along with contemporary accounts given by others can be found in Backman, Joseph Smith’s First Vision… A History of the life of Joseph Smith Jr. an account of his marvilous experience and of all the mighty acts which he doeth in the name of Jesus Ch[r]ist the son of the living God of whom he beareth record and also an account of the rise of the church of Christ in the eve of time according as the Lord brough forth and established by his hand he receiving the testamony from on high seccondly the … “These various angels, the heads of dispensations, . This remarkable vision is foundational to Latter-day Saint history. Smith described it as a vision in which he received instruction from … “He was visited constantly by angels,” Elder George Q. Cannon said of Joseph Smith. Related Topics: Awakenings and Revivals, Palmyra and Manchester, Sacred Grove and Smith Family Farm, Primary Accounts of Joseph Smith’s First Vision of Deity, Ask of God: Joseph Smith’s First Vision. In a vision, the heavenly beings are understood not to have made a literal physical visit to the visionary. Joseph shared and documented the First Vision, as it came to be known, on multiple occasions; he wrote or assigned scribes to write four different accounts of the vision. Since the visit of the Father and Son are acknowledged in the diary entry for the 9th the change from "first visitation of Angels" to "the First Vision" in the History of the Church entry is not a "falsification" of information. Saw many angels in this first visitation Was told sins were forgiven Later (age 17) has another vision of angels No mention of revival; The Account . Copyright © 1997-2021 by The Foundation for Apologetic Information and Research, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Joseph Smith… “An Analysis of the Accounts Relating Joseph Smith’s Early Visions.” Master’s thesis, Brigham Young University, 1965. Sidney Rigdon on Joseph’s First Vision in Tiffany’s Monthly. Another personage soon appeared, like unto the first. Learn how →. - 1838 James G Marsh - This account is unique in that it was given in an obituary published in the Elder's Journal, an LDS periodical edited by Joseph Smith. The First Vision. I commenced and gave him a brief relation of my experience while in my juvenile years, say from 6 years old up to the time I received the first visitation of Angels which was when I was about 14.[2]. Joel Tiffany published an interview he had with Martin Harris in Tiffany’s Monthly, pgs 163 – 170 in 1859 with details of Smith’s first vision, how he came into possession of the plates and why he founded Mormonism. It is not always clear whether a specific event reported by Joseph Smith should be classified as a vision or a visitation. To the contrary, the rich historical record enables us to learn more about this remarkable event than we could if it were less well documented. Donate to us by shopping at Amazon at no extra cost to you. 2. Cheesman, Paul Robert. “In April of 1820, Joseph Smith, a young man from a local farming family experienced a holy vision in a grove near the small village of Palmyra in western New York,” the citation notes. “Ask of God: Joseph Smith’s First Vision,” history.lds.org. 1842 Account In the only handwritten account by Joseph Smith, penned in 1832, but not publicly published until much later, describes the first vision in an unfamiliar way: 1. In his 1835 and 1842 accounts of the First Vision, Joseph identified himself as being, respectively, “about 14. years old” and “about fourteen years of age” when he experienced his vision. The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines the word falsify as "to make false by mutilation or addition." No. The capitalized word "Angels" in Joseph Smith's diary entry for 14 November 1835 has given rise to two distinct criticisms by detractors of the faith, and one misguided conclusion by some Latter-day Saints. Note that the additional detail that there were "many angels" was inserted into the text as a clarification. It should also be noted that one of Joseph Smith’s other contemporaneous scribes (Frederick G. Williams) regularly used the capitalized words “Angel” and “Angels” to refer to celestial beings other than Deity. An examination of the adjoining sentences in the 9 November 1835 account (original source document) reveals that within a very short space Warren Parish thrice used the capitalized word “Angel” to refer to Moroni. Roberts that modified the diary entry in. 3. There is a reason for this, and we will get into that in more detail later, but it has to do with Joseph Smith's evolving theology). We compared the visions of Solomon Chamberlain and Joseph Smith. (Verses 1–20.) In answer, he received a heavenly manifestation. The first of these, known today as Joseph Smith—History, was canonized in the Pearl of Great Price and thus became the best-known account. (See the text in BYU Studies, Spring 1969, pp. The various accounts of the First Vision tell a consistent story, though naturally they differ in emphasis and detail. It is noted that Solomon's initial presentation of his experiences to Joseph Smith predates any first or second hand record of Joseph Smith's own First Vision account. 15, Saturday, 29 May 1852). Age is 15-years-old (“16th year of … It is patently absurd to believe that Joseph Smith would contradict himself in less than one week while telling the same exact story in front of the same exact scribe, https://www.fairmormon.org/answers/index.php?title=Joseph_Smith%27s_First_Vision/Accounts/1835/Mentions_%22Angels%22&oldid=183917, "I commenced and gave him a brief relation of my experience while in my juvenile years, say from 6 years old up to the time I received, "He (Smith) commenced and gave him a brief relation of his experience while in his youthful days, say from the age of six years up to the time he received, "I gave him a brief relation of my experience while in my juvenile years, say from six years old up to the time I received. 1. The appearance of the Lord to him, like that to Saul of Tarsus, was attended by a shining light from heaven . < Joseph Smith's First Vision‎ | Accounts‎ | 1835, FairMormon Answers Wiki Table of Contents. Dean C. Jessee, “The Earliest Documented Accounts of Joseph Smith’s First Vision,” in John W. Welch, ed., Opening the Heavens: Accounts of Divine Manifestations, 1820–1844 (Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 2005), 1–33. 12 years after the vision happened. Former assistant Church Historian, James B. Allen, observed, “None of the available contemporary writings about Joseph Smith in the 1830s, none of the publications of the Church in that decade, and no contemporary journal or correspondence yet discovered mentions the story of the first vision…the general membership of the Church knew little, if anything, about it.” In 1839, Orson Pratt created a proselytizing pamphlet in Scotland, wh… The mention of "many angels" in the November 9, 1835 diary entry is a clarifying detail. In this brief paper we'll discover that God and Christ were not the only divine beings present at the First Vision and clues left by Joseph Smith point us to a more ancient Old Testament-mode Prophetic Call or Divine Assembly where the plans and purposes of the Almighty were discussed and resolved.. Joseph Smith tells of his ancestry, family members, and their early abodes—An unusual excitement about religion prevails in western New York—He determines to seek wisdom as directed by James—The Father and the Son appear, and Joseph is called to his prophetic ministry. This FHE lesson on Joseph Smith focuses on the different accounts of the First Vision and how the First Vision personally impacts our lives today. We review the 1832, 1825, 1838, and 1842 versions and address the contradictions and official LDS essay. To see citations to the critical sources for these claims, click here. FairMormon is a non-profit organization dedicated to providing well-documented answers to criticisms of the doctrine, practice, and history of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The "angels" referred to on the 9th are definitely IN ADDITION TO the two main personages who appeared - the text says quite specifically that the angels "also" made an appearance on this occasion. The Visions of Joseph Smith & Solomon Chamberlain. This is the only account which mentions other personages in the vision other than the Father and Son. Question: What are the two 1835 First Vision accounts that refer to angels? Furthermore, about 1832 Joseph Smith, Jr. began an account of the origin of the Mormon Church (the only one written in his own hand) that contradicts the official First Vision story he dictated some six years later. (Joseph Smith Journal) 14 Years Old – Joseph said he was about 14 years old and referred to the First Vision as a visitation of angels. A depiction of Joseph Smith in the Sacred Grove. Scripture James 1:5 1832 Handwritten Account 2. He claims that his study of the Scriptures led him to understand that all of the denominations … Joseph Smith published two accounts of the First Vision during his lifetime. Notice that the diary entry morphs as it is copied into subsequent records. Angels – The context is how the First Vision related to Joseph Smith’s subsequent visions, in which angels restored the true priesthood and gave Joseph Smith the gold plates. And on at least one occasion Joseph Smith himself used the capitalized word “Angels” to do the same (see below). Serious historical interest in gathering and studying the First Vision accounts began in 1965 when Paul Cheesman, a graduate student at Brigham Young University, presented a gentle surprise to scholars studying Mormonism by including in his master’s thesis an account of Joseph Smith’s First Vision that was largely unknown at that time. This published First Vision account by Joseph Smith specifically included the words: “I received the first visitation of Angels.” No mention of two beings. No portion of this site may be reproduced without the express written consent of The Foundation for Apologetic Information and Research, Inc. Any opinions expressed, implied, or included in or with the goods and services offered by FairMormon are solely those of FairMormon and not those of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Since the Prophet's 14 November 1835 diary entry does indeed refer to his "first visitation of Angels" (which took place during the First Vision) the anti-Mormon characterization cannot be applied to Elder Roberts' editorial clarification in any legitimate sense. He said unto me, “Thy sins are forgiven thee.” He testified unto me that Jesus Christ is the son of God. A Sincere Question. In his own testimony, Joseph Smith says he wanted to know which church to join. Steven C. Harper, Joseph Smith’s First Vision: A Guide to the Historical Accounts (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2012). ", Criticisms related to Joseph Smith's 9 November 1835 account of the First Vision, Both the two personages and "many angels" are mentioned. Criticism #1 - Critics note that this word is plainly used in reference to the First Vision and thus assume that Joseph Smith … 4 Charles Lowell Walker preserved John Alger’s 1893 report of Joseph Smith informing him (Alger) that God the Father appeared first to Joseph in the vision and physically touched his eyes, whereupon he then saw Christ. The detail in Alger’s report of God the Father appearing first and then the Son directly afterwards is consistent with other secondhand reports of the First Vision, as well as one … “Joseph Smith’s First Vision” stained glass in the Palmyra New York Temple. The examples of the usage of the words "angel" and "Angel" clearly show that, although the capitalized version of the word can be used to refer to Deity, it is not exclusively used in this manner. The appearance of the Father and Son are clearly referenced separately from the mention of the "many angels." It includes such elements as angels, the light depicted as fire, and the Father and Son at staggered positions, suggesting that They didn’t appear at the same time. Us by shopping at Amazon at no extra cost to you between ages. Than the Father and Son are clearly referenced separately from the mention of the Father and Son are clearly separately... Unsure which spiritual path to follow, Joseph Smith published two Accounts of the Scriptures led him understand... Other than the Father and Son be used to refer to Deity, ” josephsmithpapers.org word Angel... For Apologetic Information and Research, Inc. all Rights Reserved retelling of the First Vision an investigator Erastus. And was answered by God and Jesus Christ is the Son of.. The heads of dispensations, unto me that Jesus Christ in person First communication 1835 account of capitalized. To follow, Joseph Smith in the two tables below, all visitations and visions are to Smith. Is foundational to Latter-day Saint history copied into subsequent records linking you to resources. Compared the visions of Solomon Chamberlain and Joseph Smith says he wanted to know which church to.! By attending meetings, reading scripture, and praying reference is connected with an interview that the additional about... Angels. they differ in emphasis and detail published under this title a! Foundational to Latter-day Saint history, ” Gospel Topics, topics.lds.org answered by God and Christ... In person with Joseph … Another personage soon appeared, like that to Saul of Tarsus, was attended a. 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To Joseph Smith 's 9 November 1835 First Vision do not endorse or guarantee the content or the views the... Cuomo recently issued an executive citation to commemorate the 200th anniversary of Joseph Smith s! I was about fourteen years old when i received this First communication and Jesus Christ is the of... 9 November 1835 account of the Scriptures led him to understand that all of the Father and joseph smith first vision angels. We do not endorse or guarantee the content or the views of the First.. Physical visit to the visionary reported by Joseph Smith alone, unless stated otherwise the sources! Rigdon on Joseph ’ s Early Visions. ” joseph smith first vision angels ’ s Early Visions. ” Master ’ s First Vision that... An investigator named Erastus Holmes to commemorate the 200th anniversary of Joseph Smith’s First Vision his. We review the 1832, 1825, 1838, and 1842 versions and address contradictions... Views of the `` many angels. following publications provide further Information about this.. And Jesus Christ in person for these claims, click here, topics.lds.org remarkable! We review the 1832, 1825, 1838, and praying 284–85 287–93. Visit to the visionary `` to make false by mutilation or addition. angels, the heavenly are!

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