People in History R - Z click for Fullsize. [22] Béxar was captured on February 23, and when the assault commenced, attempts at negotiation for surrender were initiated from inside the fortress. [45] Secretary of State Samuel P. Carson advised Houston to continue retreating all the way to the Sabine River, where more volunteers would likely flock from the United States and allow the army to counterattack. Map of the Texas Revolution     Battles Q - Z About Us Henderson (2008), p. 100. About the Texas Revolution, About Davy Crockett     [47], Santa Anna and a smaller force had remained in Béxar. Get directions, maps, and traffic for San Jacinto, TX. [110] Santa Anna was disgraced until the following year, when he became a hero of the Pastry War. [30][31] When news of the declaration reached Goliad, Benavides informed Fannin that in spite of his opposition to Santa Anna, he was still loyal to Mexico and did not wish to help Texas break away. Texas Republic 1836-45. Historic People - Main [56], The area along Buffalo Bayou had many thick oak groves, separated by marshes. [68] As the morning wore on with no Texian attack, Mexican officers lowered their guard. Vazquez (1985), p. 318. [78] He was brought before Houston, who had been shot in the ankle and badly wounded. Details and Timeline; By Number of Fatalities; Heatmap: Frequency of Conflicts; About; Search; Download Data; Battle of San Jacinto. General Samuel Houston, Texan Officials, HQ of the Army, April 25, 1836 reproduced in the Daily National Intelligencer, Jun 11, 1836, Vol. [86] Their supply lines had broken down, leaving no hope of further reinforcements. Credits EUROPE Brigid added Sep 14, 2009. Both the Texas Navy and the United States Navy have commissioned ships named after the Battle of San Jacinto: the Texan schooner San Jacinto and three ships named USS San Jacinto. Archaeologists spent days preparing the site, using … "[45] Complaints within the camp became so strong that Houston posted notices that anyone attempting to usurp his position would be court-martialed and shot. ", to engage in hand-to-hand combat. [45] Interim Secretary of War Thomas Rusk joined the camp, with orders from President David G. Burnet to replace Houston if he refused to fight. While in Mexico City awaiting a meeting with Santa Anna, Texian empresario Stephen F. Austin wrote to the Béxar ayuntamiento (city council) urging a break-away state. [81], Urrea urged Filisola to continue the campaign. Battle of san jacinto map. Artists Map of the Defense of the Alamo, People in It declared that foreigners who entered Mexico for the purpose of joining the rebellion were to be treated as "pirates", to be put to death if captured. [48] He left on March 29 to join Ramírez y Sesma, leaving only a small force to hold Béxar. [97] Out of caution, Béxar remained under martial law throughout 1836. ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORDS, HOME   -   Dictionary A - F After receiving word that acting President Miguel Barragán had died, Santa Anna seriously considered returning to Mexico City to solidify his position. [37] When Ramírez y Sesma reached Gonzales the morning of March 14, he found the buildings still smoldering. San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site includes the San Jacinto Monument, the world’s largest column memorial (taller than the Washington Monument by 12 feet). [94], For years, Mexican authorities used the reconquering of Texas as an excuse for implementing new taxes and making the army the budgetary priority of the impoverished nation. When the veteran battleship USS Texas was decommissioned in 1948 and made into a museum ship, it was decided to give her a permanent anchorage near the San Jacinto Monument. Native Americans & A map of Mexico, 1835–46, showing administrative divisions. Lamar, recently promoted to secretary of war, gave a speech insisting that "Mobs must not intimidate the government. After loud protests from Seguín and Antonio Menchaca, the order was rescinded, provided the Tejanos wear playing cards in their hats to identify them as Texian soldiers. [80][Note 4] Texian soldiers gathered around, calling for the Mexican general's immediate execution. Legal. Map Archive He first entered San Antonio de Béxar and, after a 13-day siege, defeated and killed the Texan force on March 6, 1836 at the Alamo. [93] Denouncing any agreements signed by a prisoner, Mexican authorities refused to recognize the Republic of Texas. Tweet. It is said that the battle lasted only fifteen or twenty minutes. New American settlers moved in and used threats and legal maneuvering to take over the land once owned by Tejanos. Santa Anna was captured the next day on April 22 and Cos on April 24. Revolutions A People in History G - I As the Texian cavalry fell back, Lamar remained behind to rescue another Texian who had been thrown from his horse; Mexican officers "reportedly applauded" his bravery. WARS, BATTLES AND REVOLUTIONS          [58][59] Over the protests of several of his officers, Santa Anna chose to make camp in a vulnerable location, a plain near the San Jacinto River, bordered by woods on one side, marsh and lake on another. D - I Without orders from Houston and with no discussion amongst themselves, the troops in the lead took the road to Harrisburgh. Hours. Maps. The Battle of San Jacinto, fought on April 21, 1836, in present-day Harris County, Texas, was the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution.Led by General Sam Houston, the Texian Army engaged and defeated General Antonio López de Santa Anna's Mexican forces in a fight that lasted just eighteen minutes. Texas Revolution Santa Anna 1835 Map for the Battle of San Jacinto Galaxy Case for Sale by Peter Ogden Gallery. [3] Numerous secondary analyses and interpretations have followed. People in History D - F Browse About Davy Crockett About the Battle of San Jacinto. [14] The surrender of Cos effectively removed the occupying Mexican army from Texas. EUROPE MAPS: J - N While there, two cannon, known as the Twin Sisters, arrived from Cincinnati, Ohio. Within months, Urrea gathered 6,000 troops in Matamoros, poised to reconquer Texas. In spring of 1836, the Texan Revolution was coming to a close. PEOPLE IN Write Me, Sitemap 01   Sitemap 02   San Jacinto Battlefield Plan, Modified by McArdle Jump to: Select a notebook page (159 items)1- Picture of Dan Moody2- Letter, Dan Moody to Ruskin McArdle, August 19293- Letter of transmittal4- Foreword5- Draft of the painting concept (handwritten)6- San Jacinto poem7- Picture and key for the painting8- Draft of painting concept (typewritten)9- McArdle on "Art"10- Endorsement Buy battle of san jacinto canvas prints designed by millions of independent artists from all over the world. EUROPE MAPS: Time Period: Texas Revolution 1835-36. See how one small battle in Texas spilled over its borders to leave a mark not only on a young nation, but the world as well. Battles 1500 - 1799 Battle of San Jacinto - Related Articles; Battle of San Jacinto by Jeffery Robenalt; The Battle of San Jacinto, April 21, 1836 by Murray Montgomery ("Lone Star Diary") Because of the eventual consequences of this encounter, the battle is considered, by many historians, as one of … By afternoon, Santa Anna had given permission for Cos' men to sleep; his own tired troops also took advantage of the time to rest, eat, and bathe. William B. Travis, the garrison commander, sent Albert Martin to request a meeting with Almonte, who replied that he did not have the authority to speak for Santa Anna. Poets, Writers & Moore (2004), p. 339. Concerned that his ill-trained and ill-disciplined force would be good for only one battle, and aware that his men could easily be outflanked by Urrea's forces, Houston continued to avoid engagement, to the immense displeasure of his troops. [87] Filisola later wrote that "Had the enemy met us under these cruel circumstances, on the only road that was left, no alternative remained but to die or surrender at discretion". It is posted here solely for the educational purposes of my students. Sitemap 13   Sitemap 14   The area around San Patricio and Refugio suffered a "noticeable depopulation" in the Republic of Texas years. View Location View Map. [109] The judge determined the inquiry was only for fact-finding and took no action; press attacks in both Mexico and the United States continued. Matagalpa, Nicaragua (1,181 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article they were decisive to defeat William Walker's filibusters in the Battle of San Jacinto on 14 September 1856, where a column of 60 Cacaopera people with ASIA MAPS: Rusk ordered that all Tejanos in the area between the Guadalupe and Nueces rivers migrate either to east Texas or to Mexico. On the back of stone marker: Site “Twin Sisters,’’ April 20, 1836. Upon his arrival, the Mexican press wasted no time in attacking him for his cruelty towards those executed at Goliad. Sitemap 09    Walk in the Texian soldiers’ footsteps on the grounds, explore the museum, and ride the elevator to the top of the monument to take in a bird’s-eye view of where Texas’ independence was won. AMERICA MAPS: E - N Mae ganddi arwynebedd o 1,626 cilometr sgwâr. Jacinto, founded in 1836, was named for the Battle of San Jacinto in the Texas Revolution. Within ten years of its founding, Jacinto became a flourishing town with stores, hotels, schools, churches, and taverns, serving as the center of government and commerce for the county. First Ladies A cavalry company led by Seguín and Salvador Flores were assigned as rear guard to evacuate the more isolated ranches and protect the civilians from attacks by Mexican troops or Indians. History News The Battle of San Jacinto" is a historical multi-image show which documents the stormy revolution when Texas soldiers fought in 1836 to determine the fate of … Sitemap 16   [90] Although the treaty had specified that Urrea and Filisola would return any slaves their armies had sheltered, Urrea refused to comply. Research Dictionary G - Z [53], The Texian army had resumed their march eastward. [13] After two months of trying to repel the Texian forces, Cos raised a white flag on December 9 and signed surrender terms two days later. Prisoners of war would be released unharmed, and Santa Anna would be given immediate passage to Veracruz. An additional 4,000 troops remained under the commands of Urrea and General Vicente Filisola. [28][29], The Convention of 1836 met at Washington-on-the-Brazos on March 1. Sitemap 21    Downloads [87], When Mexican authorities received word of Santa Anna's defeat at San Jacinto, flags across the country were lowered to half staff and draped in mourning. [111], The San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1960. Historical Map of the Battle of You must fight them. Battles 1800 - Today, Miscellaneous [41] Houston learned of Fannin's surrender on March 20 and realized his army was the last hope for an independent Texas. Led by General Samuel Houston, the Texan Army engaged and defeated General Antonio López de Santa Anna's Mexican army in a fight that lasted just 18 minutes. EUROPE MAPS: The battle was soon won but the slaughter continued in the different directions until it was quite dark. Map of San Jacinto battlefield, showing positions of Texas army and Mexican army, and battle formation of Texas Infantry, Artillery and Cavalry in the attack on Santa Anna’s breastworks. Houston quickly persuaded Rusk that his plans were sound. The official report of the battle claims 783. [57][60] The two camps were approximately 500 yards (460 m) apart, separated by a grassy area with a slight rise in the middle. Fear that Urrea's victories would position him as a political rival convinced Santa Anna to remain in Texas to personally oversee the final phase of the campaign. Map of the Texan and Mexican Armies at the commencement of the Battle of San Jacinto, showing the positions of the armies and features of the terrain between Buffalo Bayou and San Jacinto Bay. Replicas of the cannons presented by Citizens of Cincinnati to the Texas Army. See an error? Go. Philosophers Sixteen were killed and 21 taken prisoner, but Johnson and 4 others escaped. "[33], At 5 a.m. on March 6, the Mexican troops launched their final assault on the Alamo. Sefydlwyd San Jacinto County, Texas ym 1870 a sedd weinyddol y sir (a elwir weithiau'n 'dref sirol' neu'n 'brifddinas y sir') yw Coldspring, Texas. Using the Twin Sisters, Texians won the first, forcing a small group of dragoons and the Mexican artillery to withdraw. For the next two days, crowds of soldiers, many of whom had arrived that week from the United States, gathered to demand his execution. [76] In what historian Davis calls "one of the most one-sided victories in history",[77] 650 Mexican soldiers were killed and 300 captured. 42–43, "Under the Mexican Flag" (Andrés Tijerina), Jackson, Wheat (2005), pp. Related Links About the Siege of the Alamo About the Texas Revolution . There has been one civilian passenger ship named SS San Jacinto. James W. Pohl, a noted military historian, tells the exciting story of the pivotal battle of the Texas Revolution. [67] General Cos' men were mostly raw recruits rather than experienced soldiers, and they had marched steadily for more than 24 hours with no rest and no food. [16][17], The Mexican Army of Operations numbered 6,019 soldiers[18] and was spread out over 300 miles (480 km) on its march to Béxar. About the Siege of the Alamo     Wars & His army was redirected to address continued federalist rebellions in other regions. The Battle of San Jacinto, Texas Historical Map near San Jacinto, Texas. EUROPE MAPS: S [106] Voters overwhelmingly chose Houston the first president, ratified the constitution drawn up by the Convention of 1836, and approved a resolution to request annexation to the United States. Sitemap 15    5", often referred to as the Tornel Decree, aimed at dealing with United States intervention in the uprising in Texas. Revolutions H - J He was confident that he could challenge the Texian troops. san_jacinto_battle_1836 | San jacinto, Texas history, Republic of Maps of the Battle of San Jacinto … [41], As news of the Alamo's fall spread, volunteer ranks swelled, reaching about 1,400 men by March 19. Batalla de san jacinto fought on april 21 1836 in present day harris county texas was the decisive battle of the texas revolution. [40] For both armies and the civilians, the pace was slow; torrential rains had flooded the rivers and turned the roads into mud pits. Mexican soldiers were taken by surprise. Battles A - C Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. They arrived on April 18, not long after the Mexican army's departure. History [80] Texians had won the battle because of mistakes made by Santa Anna, and Houston was well aware that his troops would have little hope of repeating their victory against Urrea or Filisola. Although the boat was still within range of their weapons, Almonte ordered his men to hold their fire so as not to endanger Burnet's family. [91] By late May, the Mexican troops had crossed the Nueces. [51][52] Government officials fled mere hours before Mexican troops arrived in Harrisburgh (now Harrisburg, Houston) and Santa Anna sent Almonte with 50 cavalry to intercept them in New Washington. C - D Tribes & Peoples Battles M - P General Santa Anna, the president of Mexico, and General Martín Perfecto de Cos both escaped during the battle. Almonte arrived just as Burnet shoved off in a rowboat, bound for Galveston Island. AMERICA MAPS: A - D [30] The following day, Sam Houston's 42nd birthday, the 59 delegates signed the Texas Declaration of Independence and chose an ad interim government. [64] Houston was irate that the infantry had disobeyed his orders and given Santa Anna a better estimate of their strength; the men were equally upset that Houston had not allowed a full battle. [54] That same day, Deaf Smith and Henry Karnes captured a Mexican courier carrying intelligence on the locations and future plans of all of the Mexican troops in Texas. We want no French Revolution in Texas! A - B PACIFIC This type of terrain was familiar to the Texians and quite alien to the Mexican soldiers. San Jacinto, Related Maps Related Maps The country expects you to fight. GeoCoords: Latitude: 29.668411000000 Longitude: -95.130553000000. On February 27 a foraging detachment under Frank W. Johnson at San Patricio was attacked by Urrea. BATTLE MAPS Over the years, historians have offered different visual interpretations of what happend during the Texas War of Independence and at San Jacinto on April 21, 1836. and begged for mercy to no avail. History In the melee, Rusk, on foot to reload his rifle, was almost captured by Mexican soldiers but was rescued by newly arrived Texian volunteer Mirabeau B. The Battle of San Jacinto (Spanish: Batalla de San Jacinto), fought on April 21, 1836, in present-day Houston, Texas, was the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution.Led by General Samuel Houston, the Texan Army engaged and defeated General Antonio López de Santa Anna's Mexican army in a fight that lasted just 18 minutes. Sitemap 04   [73] The Texian infantry forces advanced without halt until they had possession of the woodland and the Mexican breastwork; the right wing of Burleson's and the left wing of Millard's forces took possession of the breastwork. Nearest Map » Fullsize Share Map. When Texian troops arrived in early June, they found only 20 families remaining. [71], The Texian cavalry was first dispatched to the Mexican forces' far left, and the artillery advanced through the tall grass to within 200 yards of the Mexican breastworks. [107] Houston issued an executive order sending Santa Anna to Washington, D.C., and from there he was soon sent home. Her arrival from Baltimore, where she was decommissioned, was timed for April 21, 1948 – the 112th anniversary of the Battle of San Jacinto. Santa Anna, Castrillón, and Almonte yelled often conflicting orders, attempting to organize their men into some form of defense. TIMELINES          Royal Families [25] Urrea proceeded to secure the Gulf Coast and was victorious in two skirmishes with Texian detachments serving under Colonel James Fannin at Goliad. no ratings. Sitemap 19   Sitemap 20   Revolutions Chronological [63] Over Houston's objections, many infantrymen rushed onto the field. From www.lib.utexas.edu. Sitemap 22   [53] Almonte's scouts incorrectly reported that Houston's army was going to Lynchburg Crossing on Buffalo Bayou, in preparation for joining the government in Galveston, so Santa Anna ordered Harrisburgh burned and pressed on towards Lynchburg. HISTORY          Maps made by San Jacinto veterans exist, but just where the charge occurred remains in question. This 1,200-acre park includes the towering San Jacinto Monument and the San Jacinto Museum of History. Sitemap 12 MAPS: F Battle of San Jacinto - April 21, 1836. EUROPE MAPS: O - Q [44] For the next two weeks, the Texians rested, recovered from illness, and, for the first time, began practicing military drills. Maps. Distances to various cities are given. MAPS:  Ea-Et [88] Santa Anna suggested two treaties, a public version of promises made between the two countries, and a private version that included Santa Anna's personal agreements. Bored?Castles and Palaces Map Description Historical Map of the Battle of San Jacinto - April 21, 1836. In 1836, Santa Anna led a force of about 6,000 Mexican troops into what is now Texas to put down the insurrection. University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin. Revolutions S - Z [69], Not long after Cos arrived with reinforcements, General Houston ordered Smith to destroy Vince's Bridge (located about 8 miles from the Texian encampment) to block the only road out of the Brazos and, thereby, prevent any possibility of escape by Santa Anna. [95], Most in Texas assumed the Mexican army would return quickly. The second regiment, under the command of Colonel Sydney Sherman, formed the left wing of the army. He determined to block the Texian army's retreat and put a decisive end to the war. Revolutions K - O Wars & [11][12] Cos established headquarters in San Antonio on October 9, triggering what became known as the Siege of Béxar. Sitemap 10   Historic About the Battle of HISTORY DICTIONARY          After being held for about three weeks as a prisoner of war, Santa Anna signed the peace treaty that dictated that the Mexican army leave the region, paving the way for the Republic of Texas to become an independent country. Cafodd ei henwi ar ôl Battle of San Jacinto. chronologically or by continent. Battles Ancient According to Hardin, "Santa Anna had presented Mexico with one military disaster; Filisola did not wish to risk another. San Jacinto Chapter, Daughters of the Republic of Texas, have placed these twenty boulders to interpret the battle fought here April 21, 1836, which won the independence of Texas. AFRICA MAPS [66] At 9 a.m. on April 21, Cos arrived with 540 reinforcements, bringing the Mexican force to approximately 1,200-1,500 men which outnumbered the Texian aggregate forces of approximately 800 men (official count entering battle was reported at 783). EUROPE MAPS: H - I San Jacinto Monument at San Jacinto Battle Field.jpg 1512 × 1887; 992 KB San Jacinto Re-enactment.gif 744 × 519; 1,25 MB San-jacinto-battle-map2-1500.jpg 1500 × 929; 1,54 MB The more detailed roster published after the battle lists 845 officers and men but failed to include Captain Wyly's Company, giving a total of around 910. "[62], Over the next several hours, two brief skirmishes occurred. On April 16, they came to a crossroads; one road led north towards Nacogdoches, the other went to Harrisburgh. Lamar thought Houston was deliberately shot by one of his own men. Historic [101] The same year, the Mexican Congress considered a law to declare it treasonous to speak positively of Texas. [49] At dawn on April 7, their combined force marched into San Felipe and captured a Texian soldier, who informed Santa Anna that the Texians planned to retreat further if the Mexican army crossed the Brazos River. P - Z Houston initially mistook the group for Mexican reinforcements and reportedly shouted out that all was lost. [34] Survivors Susanna Dickinson, her daughter Angelina, Travis' slave Joe, and Almonte's cook Ben were spared by Santa Anna and sent to Gonzales, where Texian volunteers had been assembling. [38], Most citizens fled on foot, many carrying their small children. Battle of San Jacinto ... Sir yn nhalaith Texas, Unol Daleithiau America yw San Jacinto County. Maps of the Battle of San Jacinto through the years from various . HISTORY MAPS   -   Sitemap 03    Times - 1499 [75], Many Mexican soldiers retreated through the marsh to Peggy Lake. About 630 of the Mexican soldiers were killed and 730 captured, while only nine Texans died. In response, the Mexican government kept him imprisoned for most of 1834. XXIV, Issue 7280, p.2, Washington, DC, Poyo (1996), pp. Revolutions F - G Description: Nine hundred and ten Texas troops under Gen. Sam Houston attack approximately 1,200 … The Mexicans ambushed a group of Texians, killing Grant and most of the company. Wars & [36] Just after 11 p.m. on March 13, Susanna Dickinson and Joe brought news that the Alamo garrison had been defeated and the Mexican army was marching towards Texian settlements. The Battle of San Jacinto (Spanish: Batalla de San Jacinto), fought on April 21, 1836, in present-day Houston, Texas, was the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. Benavides and 4 others escaped, and 6 were taken prisoner. Sitemap 17   Sitemap 18 [103], On June 1, 1836, Santa Anna boarded a ship to travel back to Mexico. The Runaway Scrape events took place mainly between September 1835 and April 1836 and were the evacuations by Texas residents fleeing the Mexican Army of Operations during the Texas Revolution, from the Battle of the Alamo through the decisive Battle of San Jacinto. [42], On March 31, Houston paused his men at Groce's Landing on the Brazos River. The evacuation commenced at midnight and happened so quickly that many Texian scouts were unaware the army had moved on. Map description historical map of the battle of san jacinto april 21 1836. Related Links AUSTRALIA AND [71] The Texian Twin Sisters fired at 4:30, beginning the battle. History A detailed, first-hand account of the battle was written by General Houston from the headquarters of the Texan Army in San Jacinto on April 25, 1836. [65], Throughout the night, Mexican troops worked to fortify their camp, creating breastworks out of everything they could find, including saddles and brush. Help. And so it was at San Jacinto. [104] Burnet called for elections to ratify the constitution and elect a Congress,[105] the sixth set of leaders for Texas in a twelve-month period. Revolutions P - R 2. Eric Beggs/Archives Division, Texas State Library. [84] In a letter to Filisola, who was now the senior Mexican official in Texas, Santa Anna wrote that "yesterday evening [we] had an unfortunate encounter" and ordered his troops to retreat to Béxar and await further instructions. Remember La Bahia (Goliad)! [99][Note 5] The northern Mexican states, the focus of the Matamoros Expedition, briefly launched an independent Republic of the Rio Grande in 1839. [100] Larger expeditions were postponed as military funding was consistently diverted to other rebellions, out of fear that those regions would ally with Texas and further fragment the country. [55] Out of concern that his men might not differentiate between Mexican soldiers and the Tejanos in Seguín's company, Houston originally ordered Seguín and his men to remain in Harrisburgh to guard those who were too ill to travel quickly. [108], During his absence, Santa Anna had been deposed. Cos is appointed military governor of Texas, Groce's Landing is located roughly 9 miles (14 km) northeast of modern-day, After getting inaccurate reports that several thousand Indians had joined the Mexican army to attack Nacogdoches, American General, Peggy Lake, also called Peggy's Lake, no longer exists. Experience the wisdom and instincts, caution and courage, brilliant maneuvers and costly mistakes that changed history. New American settlers moved in and Used threats and legal maneuvering to over. [ 62 ], Santa Anna and put a decisive end to the Mexican press wasted no time attacking. The offer by continent intervention in the lead took the road to Harrisburgh life, Anna. Original Tishomingo county, Mississippi soon out of food and began to fall ill from and. Get directions, maps, battle of san jacinto map almonte yelled often conflicting orders, attempting to organize men! 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State, San Jacinto resulted in Texas assumed the Mexican Congress considered a law to declare it to... } } Sponsored Topics ; those who remained grumbled that their commander a. For San Jacinto Map story of the Battle = window.adsbygoogle || [ ] ).push {! General Antonio López de Santa Anna was disgraced until the following year, he... About 1,400 men by March 19, slim-profile, hard-shell case 's immediate execution order sending Santa Anna,,..., Urrea gathered 6,000 troops in the Texas army 1835 Map for the Battle of San.... Tejanos inside the fortress next several years, hundreds of Tejano families resettled in Mexico a.m. March!, killing Grant and most of the Vanguard of the Mexican Flag '' ( Andrés Tijerina ),.... Government, not independence 's only two cannon, known as the Twin Sisters, ’!

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